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The cycles of the Long Count are independent of the solar year.
Many Maya Long Count inscriptions contain a supplementary series, which provides information on the lunar phase, number of the current lunation in a series of six and which of the nine Lords of the Night rules.
The various names of this calendar as used by precolumbian Maya people are still debated by scholars.
The Aztec calendar equivalent was called Tonalpohualli, in the Nahuatl language.
An important exception was made for the second-order place value, which instead represented 18 × 20, or 360 days, more closely approximating the solar year than would 20 × 20 = 400 days.The five days of Wayeb' were thought to be a dangerous time.Foster (2002) writes, "During Wayeb, portals between the mortal realm and the Underworld dissolved.With all twenty named days used, these now began to repeat the cycle while the number sequence continues, so the next day after 7 Ajaw is 8 Imix'.The repetition of these interlocking 13- and 20-day cycles therefore takes 260 days to complete (that is, for every possible combination of number/named day to occur once).
By its linear nature, the Long Count was capable of being extended to refer to any date far into the past or future.